By default ZFS uses 50 % of the host memory for the “Adaptive Replacement Cache” (ARC). Allocating enough memory for the ARC is crucial for IO performance, so reduce it with caution. As a general rule of thumb, allocate at least 2 GiB Base + 1 GiB/TiB-Storage. For example, if you have a pool with 8 TiB of available storage space then you should use 10 GiB of memory for the ARC.
This tutorial requires you to be logged in as root, so switch to root user if you are not already.
$ sudo -i
You can change the ARC usage limit for the current boot (a reboot resets this change again) by writing to the zfs_arc_max module parameter directly:
# echo "$[10 * 1024*1024*1024]" >/sys/module/zfs/parameters/zfs_arc_max
# echo 1073741824 > /sys/module/zfs/parameters/zfs_arc_max
To permanently change the ARC limits, add the following line to /etc/modprobe.d/zfs.conf.
# echo "options zfs zfs_arc_max=1073741824" >> /etc/modprobe.d/zfs.conf
# update-initramfs -u -k all
A reboot is required for the settings to take effect.
Show memory used by ARC
Which should give you something similar to this :
time read miss miss% dmis dm% pmis pm% mmis mm% size c avail 09:04:00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 854M 999M 19G
For a detailed ZFS subsystem report, you can run the arc_summary command.
# arc_summary | less